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EU State aid

According to the European Audiovisual Observatory, national film funds distribute around 2 billion euros per year to support audiovisual creation in general (excluding tax incentives). National support schemes are diverse and different from country to country. They cover all stages of the creation: script writing, development, production, distribution, promotion... They are not limited to feature films but can also benefit other audiovisual works: TV series, VR, interactive works, video clips, user-generated content, video games...

Most of this money take the form of grants or loans and are considered state aid under EU law. The critera for assessing under EU state aid rules Member States' support schemes in favour of films and other audio-visual works are set out in the Cinema Communication, revised in November 2013. For certain schemes, the simplified rules of the General Block Exemption Regulation can apply.

The European Commission adopted on 9 March 2023 an amendment of the GBER, a revision mainly aimed to further facilitate and speed up the green and digital transition. The new regulation has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union (entering into force the following day, ie on 1st July). The article 54 on Aid schemes for audiovisual works remains unchanged but the transparency threshold (article 9) related to the obligation to publish the information about individual aids is lowered from 500K€ to 100K€ (see pages 1 and 32). The validity period of the GBER is extended by three years until 31 December 2026.

The EFAD have been involved in the revision of the Cinema Communication and closely follow up EU state aid policy and guidelines applicable to the support to audiovisual creation. EFAD members also exchange regularly with Cine-Regio on this matter.



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