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State aid

According to the European Audiovisual Observatory, national film funds distribute around 2 billion euros per year to support audiovisual creation in general (excluding tax incentives). Narional support schemes are diverse and different from country to country. They cover all stages of the creation: script writing, development, production, distribution, promotion... They are not limited to feature films but can also benefit other audiovisual works: TV series, VR, interactive works, video clips, user-generated content, video games...

Most of this money take the form of grants or loans and are considered state aid under EU law. The critera for assessing under EU state aid rules Member States' support schemes in favour of films and other audio-visual works are set out in the Cinema Communication, revised in November 2013. For certain schemes, the simplified rules of the General Block Exemption Regulation can apply.

The EFAD have been involved in the revision of the Cinema Communication and closely follow up EU state aid policy and guidelines applicable to the support to audiovisual creation. EFAD members also exchange regularly with Cine-Regio on this matter.

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